United States President Donald Trump's cabinet reshuffles have fueled concerns, not least after the latest appointment of hawkishJohn Bolton as National Security Adviser (NSA), just days after installing a former Central Intelligence Agency chief as the new secretary of state. John Bolton because he is assembling a war cabinet. He alleged a literal connection between "Axis of Evil" countries Iran, Iraq, and North Korea; derided allies and insisted that the United States could go it alone in the conflict; and ultimately played a leading role in politicizing the intelligence that would ultimately justify the war.
From that perspective, Bolton's appointment makes no sense.
"He was part of the Bush-Cheney crew that claimed Saddam Hussein had weapons of mass destruction".
Back in 1994 he was quoted saying the United States was the world's "only real power". But even more importantly, it may become a more exaggerated and hot-headed version of itself. Bolton is accused by his critics of wanting war, or even many wars, on multiple fronts - as if the world were a place so benign that the only wars that might lie ahead would be strictly voluntary, a matter of White House whim rather than necessity.
Why is this year going to be different from all other years?
The accusations about Bolton lacking knowledge of diplomacy are simply not correct.
In 2013 - long before he was a presidential candidate - Mr Trump tweeted that "all former Bush administration officials should have zero standing on Syria". But there probably is no one more likely to wield influence over a president's actions than his attorney advising him on legal strategy. Unlike most issues, during which Trump has to choose from among competing voices, he stands virtually alone in his administration on Russian Federation.
Like everyone else who served in W's administration, he was implicated in what turned out to be an ill-advised decision to invade Iraq. He still argues that it was the right thing to do. One of Bolton's most recent articles made "the legal case for striking North Korea first". That great squandering left a weakened America facing a far more unsafe world of emboldened and increasingly risky actors, across a spectrum that includes everything from terrorist attacks to nuclear threats, conventional to cyber warfare.
Trump seemed to telegraph his intentions on Tuesday.
Recently, the USA has been negotiating with European officials over how to amend the Iran nuclear deal to appease Donald Trump. But that is America's only realistic option. Bolton has cheered on, or been involved in, every one in the string failed USA interventions and asked for more: Iraq, Libya, Syria and now, heaven forbid, Iran and North Korea.
Later, Carter's interventions were blamed for helping to launch a Palestinian terror war against Israel. Both Tillerson and McMaster have been replaced; other establishment figures, such as economic adviser Gary Cohn, have also left the administration. The result was a long overdue recognition of Jerusalem and the beginning of an effort to strengthen restrictions on Iran's nuclear program. In comes the more aggressive legal mind, Joseph E. diGenova, who has put forward the view that the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Justice Department framed Mr. Trump.
The human rights group Amnesty International called Trump's choice "reckless".
"Bolton is an unrepentant advocate of regime change against Iran and his demands for the May 12 ultimatum - in a practical sense - will be sharper than those of McMaster", Richard Nephew, a principal deputy coordinator for sanctions policy at the State Department during the Obama administration, told S&P Global Platts.