It's a sticky issue for which there is no reasonable law on the books, and Congress has kicked the can on it for years because it was easier to just ignore the law than to pass a law that made sense. Trump on Sunday urged senators to change the chamber's rules to a simple majority - and work instead on a long term spending bill.
Trump kicked off Monday morning by accusing Democrats of playing to the "far left base".
Republicans and Democrats have traded bitter recriminations over who is to blame for the failure to pass a stop-gap funding measure by a January 20 deadline, a year to the day since Donald Trump took office as United States president.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell warned that the shutdown would "get a lot worse" if federal workers have to stay home without pay. Lindsey Graham of SC suggested one possibility: a bill that would fund the government in exchange for a commitment to move onto immigration after February 8. The pending Senate measure would last through February 8.
But Don Stewart, McConnell's spokesman, said that satisfying Schumer's demand would "take weeks".
The White House and Republican leaders said they would not negotiate with Democrats on immigration until the government is reopened. Democrats have blamed the shutdown on the failure of the GOP-led Congress and the Republican president to compromise.
Chief of Staff John Kelly has spoken with House Speaker Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.
Why can't Democrats and Republicans agree?
In addition, Doug Jones, a Democrat from Alabama who had been participating in the bipartisan talks, tweeted Sunday night that he was "encouraged" by McConnell's comments.
Republicans now control the chamber 51-49.
Republicans feel confident that they're on the right side of the shutdown.
One person simply said: "Fake it till you make it". President Trump tweeted yesterday.
If the government doesn't shutdown, the Senate is slated to be in session in the coming week.
"But when you get into a Monday, this is a real shutdown now", McCarthy said.
The 10 a.m. ET, closed-door Democratic caucus meeting will define the day. And for all the posturing, sources told CNN that Schumer and McConnell had not spoken since their interactions on the Senate floor in the dramatic early moments of Saturday.
Democrats opposed the bill in part because it did not include legal protections for DREAMers, the undocumented immigrants who came to the U.S.as children. He says the soldiers and their families "shouldn't have to worry about getting paid". But the Trump administration said Saturday it will not discuss the immigration issue until the government reopens.
Many federal employees will be "furloughed" - on unpaid leave - until the deadlock is broken, the BBC reported.
The vote to end the filibuster finished 81-18, with two Republicans - Sens.
The shutdown is the first since a 16-day closure in October 2013 and its effects will be more visible on Monday, when financial markets and federal offices open.
"We have yet to reach an agreement on a path forward", Schumer said late Sunday, hoping for a firmer commitment from the Republicans to protect roughly 700,000 younger immigrants brought illegally to the U.S.as children.
But Democrats like G.K. Butterfield, who represents northeastern North Carolina, said Republicans "refused" to give Democrats any input on the spending bill and shouldn't act surprised that most Democrats didn't want to vote for it.
Only this time it's Democrats in Congress - and especially the Senate - who have brought gasoline and matches to the irresponsibility party.